1st month of pregnancy: what to expect?

When does the first month of pregnancy begin?

The first month of pregnancy covers the entire period of the first to the fourth week, from the date of conception. Don’t be surprised, however, if your documents and appointments say something else: healthcare professionals matter. in weeks of amenorrhea (absence of periods) say “SA”, that is to say since the date of the last menstruation, approximately 2 weeks before conception, and not since the date of conception. You will have to get used to it! The first month will therefore be counted between weeks 3 WA and 6 WA.

On the mother’s side: what symptoms do we feel in the 1st month of pregnancy?

At this still early stage of pregnancy, some women do not yet perceive symptoms and a pregnancy can sometimes go unnoticed. The body is not changing yet. The first sign that can alert a pregnant woman is of course theno rules on the scheduled date. Then comes, especially towards the end of the first month, the appearance of classic symptoms:

  • From taut breasts, painful, sometimes swollen, more tender chest than usual.
  • From nausea, with or without vomiting, during odors which seem strong to you for example.
  • A frequent urge to urinate.
  • From mood swings.

Bleeding, stomach pain: how do you know if the pregnancy is going well?

It is possible to notice at the beginning of pregnancy small bleeding. These are quite normal. They are caused by implantation of the embryo in the womb and should not be confused with menstruation.

On the other hand, bleeding accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen or one side of the belly are a reason for urgent consultation: it may be a miscarriage or a sign of ectopic pregnancy (Geu) detected in the first few weeks.

Which exams are to be carried out in the first month?

A pregnancy test at the first symptoms

The first thing to do if you have symptoms or a late period is to take a pregnancy test. Urine tests sold in pharmacies or supermarkets are also reliable one than the other. They measure the hormone level beta Hcg in IU / L, present in urine only 10 days after fertilization. Blood test is also possible to obtain a quantified result.

A first appointment with his general practitioner, his gynecologist or his midwife

Is your result positive and confirms your intuition? Direction (without urgency!) To your healthcare professional, to a first contact about pregnancy. Your gynecologist, your general practitioner, or your midwife if you have no particular health problem, will notice your pregnancy. He will proceed to a physical examination (weight, history, etc.) and will probably be able to provide you withan end date. It is also an opportunity to ask him all the questions that you surely have in mind and to express your concerns if there are any. If your practitioner is equipped with an ultrasound machine, he may also check that the embryo is in the right place in the womb and not in a tube.

A blood test to plan:

This first exam is also an opportunity to prescribe yourself a blood test to determine your blood type and check for possible infectious diseases (toxoplasmosis, rubella…) And a urine test to look for the presence of albumin in your urine.

What precautions should be taken at the start of pregnancy?

As soon as you are sure of your pregnancy, it’s time to adopt a new lifestyle, in particular by a varied and balanced diet, in fruits in vegetables in foods containing l‘folic acid (vitamin B9) such as leafy vegetables, melon, chickpeas. That said, you will be given systematic folic acid supplementation to limit the risk of spinal malformation.
It is also the time to:

  • Limit excessively fatty foods and caffeine.
  • Avoid raw fish and meat or smoked. Eat only well-cooked meats.
  • Avoid dairy products made from raw milk.
  • Wash well fruits and vegetables if you eat them raw.
  • It is also time to ban alcohol of your daily life and to get help to stop the cigarette if you are a smoker.
  • Stop violent sports
  • Consult if you need to take medication (except pregnancy), and not to self-medicate.

It’s time to…

  • If the period is still fairly calm, it is already time to make an appointment for the first ultrasound which must take place before the end of the third month.
  • It is also the time to make an appointment with the dentist for oral control and to avoid possible tooth problems during pregnancy.
  • You can also start to think about the planned motherhood. In some cities, places are reserved very early!

Baby side: where is the embryo at 1 month of pregnancy?

The event may be microscopic in this first month, it is a revolution that is happening in the womb of the pregnant woman. From the first week, the egg fertilized by the sperm changes in egg cell that emerges from the fallopian tube to go settle in the womb. That’s what we call The nidation, a step that takes place from the 7th day. Therefore, its cells multiply at high speed.

From how many weeks do you see the embryo?

At the end of the first month of pregnancy, in the fourth week, the embryo, which bathes in amniotic fluid, has already reached the size of about 4 mm. And that’s not all: its small size already includes:

  • The start of a nervous system
  • Buds of limbs
  • The outline of several organs
  • The start of blood circulation

We also distinguish four zones : a right side, a left side, a back and a belly.

When does the baby’s heart beat?

Perhaps the most impressive modification for young parents, the heartbeat that makes it all come true. Note that it is at 4 weeks that the primitive heart begins to beat, but it is only noticeable in the 5th week and only on ultrasound. Patience!

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