The Energy Transition, an adventure to be co-constructed

By its scale and its urgency, the Energy Transition is an unprecedented challenge. An absolute imperative, accompanied by“radical uncertainties” but also an exciting opportunity for humanity to reinvent itself. To be there, it is essential to involve all of its players – public authorities, institutions, industrialists and citizens – in a strategy and dynamic of co-construction. As Thierry Pech, Managing Director of Think Tank Terra Nova, reminds us, “Because the Ecological Transition will have a cost for the whole of society, it is necessary to ensure that all its actors participate in it, in a logic of shared governance. »

Industrialists, driving forces of the Energy Transition

Achieving the zero carbon objective in 2050 has indeed a cost: 4,000 billion dollars per year, by 2030, according to the International Energy Agency. A colossal cost, which requires considerable investment, and which the public authorities will not be able to bear without the support and collaboration of manufacturers. For Christine Cabau Woehrel, Central Executive Director Industrial Assets and CMA-CGM Operations, “It is imperative and urgent that all stakeholders, industrialists from all sectors, academics and public authorities work more together to create coherent and effective roadmaps, geared towards a common and clearly defined objective”.

An observation shared by Benoit Leguet, Managing Director of I4CE: “Achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 will owe nothing to chance. We must act with order and method. The public authorities must provide a framework to indicate which way to go. A method that I summarize in 5 P: project, planning, management, programming, and prospective. » To support the efficiency of the sector and support the economic model and the capacities of production facilities for low-carbon fuels such as bioLNG and synthetic methane, CMA-CGM and ENGIE have established a long-term strategic and industrial cooperation: “This partnership allows us to pool our expertise, our knowledge and our R&D work, in order to quickly launch production units for new types of gas, which are increasingly low-carbon, under sustainable economic conditions for maritime transport. By creating places where our engineers, data analysts and operational staff meet, we have gone from creating simple bridges to co-constructing an ever more virtuous ecosystem. »

Territories at the heart of the Energy Transition

The territories are at the heart of the Energy Transition, which implies that their inhabitants take ownership of its imperatives. For Christophe Bouillon, mayor of Barentin, Norman town of
12,500 inhabitants, and President of the Association of small towns in France, “we must not give the inhabitants of the territories the impression that we are trying to impose projects on them that others do not want. It is not a question of acceptability but of appropriation. If a project is also a vector of image change and puts municipalities often stigmatized by deindustrialization back into the race, it’s a chance. Let’s start from these voluntary municipalities: Malaunay, with its 6,000 inhabitants and its solar panels placed on the roof of its neo-Romanesque church, understood that the Ecological Transition could be a formidable lever of attractiveness. »

A vision shared by Charlotte Roule, Strategy Director of the ENGIE Group: “In order for everyone to take ownership of the issues and the implementation of the Energy Transition, it must be incorporated into the daily lives of the territories, according to their own logic, in accordance with local needs. »

Join the logic of the territories

Faced with the radical uncertainties linked to the Energy Transition, Charlotte Roule, Director of Strategy for the ENGIE Group, displays resolute and optimistic pragmatism: “At ENGIE, we live the Energy Transition as a mission that is co-constructed. Thus, for example, ENGIE has built in partnership with the municipality of Marcoussis and the SIGEIF (Intermunicipal syndicate for gas and electricity in Île-de-France) a photovoltaic farm with a capacity of 20.3 MWp – which represents the annual electricity consumption of approximately 10,000 people. A project that has allowed us to bring new life to land left fallow, following the abandonment of the construction of a TGV line, while preserving biodiversity. »

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